Organizacija za prava i zaštitu životinja Kruševac


Shelter for abdoned cats and dogs in Krusevac

Posted by Lela Bucek on April 7, 2012 at 4:50 AM

The project to build a shelter "ORPAK" Kruševac

INVESTOR: required

ORPAK is a humanitarian, non-governmental, non-partisan and not-for-profitorganization working to improve animal protection and promote animal rights inthe city of Krusevac, Serbia.  Founded on 06 April 2010, in the last yearand a half, ORPAK managed to get off the streets of Krusevac, heal and re-homemore than 550 animals.  Furthermore, we havesaved and returned to their natural habitats a number of wild animals, amongthem two squirrels and a couple of eagles. Unfortunately, an eagle had to have a wing amputated and was hence placedinto a sanctuary. 

Apart from raising people’s consciousness (through stalls and flyers promotingadoption,  sterilization and how to carefor companion animals, by organizing humanitarian parties, re-homing events,campaigns such as “I’m not a murderer!  Iam a responsible guardian”, urging people to sterilize their pets through ourorganization at half price, and manifestations presenting mixed-breed dogs), wefight against animal abuse on a daily basis. We report cases of ill-treatment to competent authorities and issuewarnings to irresponsible guardians when in breach of the Law on Animal Welfare.  We also endeavor to support those who carefor animals but are in financial hardship.

To carry on with efforts to protect the abused and abandoned animals, thereis a pressing need for ORPAK to acquire a piece of land for setting up a sanctuaryfor unwanted dogs and cats.  The priceshere in Krusevac range between 100 and 200 Euros for 1 Are (100 m2).   Together with costs of construction, theoverall amount is well in excess of our financial capabilities.  Donations from our supporters, which spanbetween 6.000 and 10.000 Dinars (60 – 100 Euros) per month, all go towards food,medications and surgical interventions.  As we are invariably short of funds, our active members (altogethereight) give additional contributions to ensure animals are fed.  We regularly appeal to caring people todonate either food or funds.  

To achieve optimum spatial arrangement and functional flow between differentparts, the Sanctuary would need to be in the shape of a rectangle, with entryoff the main road for easier and more efficient access. 

The main building will be prefabricated and divided into several parts.  Section I will comprise:

1.      FoodStorage: 10 m2

2.      VeterinaryUnit with Pharmacy:

- examination room: 10 m2

- surgery: 10 m2

- pharmacy: 5m2  – Total Area 25 m2

3.      Quarantinefor Sick Animals: 15 m2

4.      Post-opIsolation Unit: 15 m2

5.      AnimalBathing Facility: 10 m2

6.      AnimalFood Preparation Unit (kitchen): 10 m2

7.      HygieneMaintenance Storage Facility (with washing machine): 10 m2

Overall Section I Area –approx  95 m2


Section II of the main building will be on the upper level, exclusively forthe staff and public relations


1.     Office Area with storage for records on animals in theSanctuary (log book for admissions, treatments, re-homing, sterilization,vaccination, deaths), a reception area for visitors and clients, manager’soffice, meeting room, and an area for dog training and pre-adoption assessment for suitability as companion animals - 20m2, plus-4x10m2=40m2 -  Total: 60m2,

2.     Changing / shower Room for staff after cleaning andfeeding animals – 10 m2

3.     Storage Room for collars, leashes, food bowls, shovels,gadgets for dog training, transport cages, sleeping cushions – 10 m2

4.     Staff Toilets – 5 m2

Overall Section II Area – approx  85 m2


Dog and Cat Sanctuary Design

Ideally,the open space area for 100 dogs is a minimum of 0.5 hectares, even more if alarger group of dogs has been living within the same area over a longer period oftime. 

Most dogsin shelters spend their lives imprisoned in small overcrowded boxes.  Incarceration, boredom and anxiety of largenumbers of dogs with different character traits create high levels of stressand aggression, which often result in serious physical injuries, evendeath.  The only way to alleviate suchstressful conditions is for the dogs to be free all of the time, making itpossible for them to move around where and when they want to.  This would create a much calmer environmentwithin the Sanctuary. 


The mostsuitable foundation for areas outside of the boxes would be used bricks with alayer of sand on top, while for the most part the surface area of the Sanctuarywould be covered with grass, shrubs and trees to provide shade.   In our experience, sand is the best optionin terms of cleaning, maintaining general hygiene and reducing fowl smells. 

It is very important to create various environment options considering that dogs,just like people, have different character traits:

·        some are traumatized and prefer/need peace andquiet,

·        others are more social and want to play,

·        old and feeble dogs need a quiet and safe corner,and

·        “aggressive” dogs need more space to overcomedifficulties stemming from their previous experiences (such as being on a shortchain or in a small box).


To provide options for the dogs to withdraw or move around as theywish,  the area needs to be equipped withshelters (kennels), little ponds, hillocks, tree stumps, logs,  and objects to play with (wood sticks, empty plasticbottles, old rags, etc) and keep them entertained. 

For dogs with special needs, such as former fighting dogs, aggressive dogs,those in quarantine, very timid dogs or puppies, it is best to provide separateboxes, each with an exit to an outside area laid with bricks and sand.  This is a good option since dogs chose to goto the toilet outside when given the opportunity, which makes it easier to keepthe place clean and prevent fowl smells in the boxes.

Example of a box for old or aggressive dogs:



Each box should be one part (half) solid build and the otherpart fitted with wire fencing to facilitate social contact between thedogs. 




Experience has shown that wooden houses do not last long, are not suitablefor maintaining sufficient levels of hygiene and as such increase thelikelihood of spread of disease.  Allhouses need to be elevated 10 cm off the ground  to avoid being flooded by rain, melting snow, hosing,etc.

Each house needs to be surrounded by a concrete area at least half a meterwide.  Roofs of houses inside the boxesneed to be made of wood, as lids, where dogs can lie, sit or sleep.  Roofs of houses outside of the boxes should beflat, made of concrete or wood with sheet metal facing. 

Houses can be lined with hay or straw (danger of  scabies), which provide warmth and can be changedeasily. 

Rags are quite unsuitable as they need frequent washing and changing.  During summer, dogs tend to sleep on concreteand drag any matting outside.  Wooden pallets(without holes and inter-spaces) provide warmth, but need regular washing andsanitizing. 

It is very important to keep the puppies in a different spot and separatefrom each other, to prevent them from touching and having contact with otherdogs or puppies.


Because of infectious diseases, it is highly recommended that all kennels inthe sanctuary, and especially for puppies, are made of concrete or bricks. 

In terms of available ground configuration and financial resources, oneneeds to design and create an environment that will be pleasant both for thedogs and for the people.   

Most importantly, the area needs to be interesting, versatile and well sizedfor the number of dogs living there. 



Dog quarantine:



Cat quarantine:






Indoor type cat shelter 30 m2




Outside cat shelter (voliere):

To approach the problem of abandoned animals in a humanmanner, in addition to the Catch-Neuter-Release (CNR) program, our city needsto have a NO KILL Shelter.


According to surveys we have carried out, the situation is as follows:


1)     On the territory of Krusevac, there are approx 3,500abandoned and stray dogs and approx 8,000 cats.

2)     Nocharges are brought against irresponsible guardians (“owners”;) who each yearthrow out 2 – 3 litters of unwanted babies as well as grown up companionanimals they no longer want to care for, increasing thus the numbers ofabandoned and stray animals. 

3)     The CityCouncil is not implementing the CNR program, or sterilization of animals in theCity Shelter creating thus additional unwanted animals.

4)     There isa general attitude of neglect and unwillingness among the citizens to walk theircompanion animals out in the open, as no public area has been allocated for thatpurpose.

5)     Our citylacks a unified data base for companion and abandoned/stray animals that havebeen neutered.

6)     Thestandard of general education is low and there is little awareness ofepidemiological, epizootiological, ecological and esthetic issues caused byinadequate housing of dogs and cats, or disposing of organic garbage, whichmakes it readily accessible to abandoned animals.

7)     There isno register of animal protection organizations working in the public interesttowards alleviating the problem of abandoned and stray animals.  Furthermore, there is no program of collaborationbetween the local authorities and such organizations or veterinarianinstitutions providing sterilization.

8)     Thereare no data about the number of institutions and their capacities forimplementation of the sterilization program; also, there are no data about thenumber of legal, registered shelters and boarding facilities for dogs who haveguardians (“owners”;) and those who are abandoned. 

9)     Noinstitution is responsible for planning and implementation of a program tocontrol the size of the population of abandoned dogs and cats, while thepurpose of the existing shelters (public and private) is not clearlydefined.  This situation is confusing forthe citizens and makes such organizations dysfunctional.  There is no authority that would continuouslymonitor the abandoned dog and cat populations, keep track of any changesthereof and discern the causes of fluctuations in their numbers in order toidentify priorities and ways of reducing them. The existing services that catch and put away stray animals areinefficient and they lack up-to-date equipment designed to inflict the leastpain, fear and agitation.  Furthermore,the existing premises also lack proper equipment and space, with a capacity foronly 50 dogs in a city with approx 140,000 inhabitants. 

10) Our cityis lacking a centralized service for giving out information, for example, aboutthose who have abandoned their animals. In other words, consistent relations with the public that would providerelevant information and education are non-existent. 

Before we can begin to tackle the above mentioned problems and implementappropriate measures, what we need to acquire is adequate space for housing theabandoned animals in a way that is safe, both for them and the people of ourcity and give them a normal life. 




Categories: None

Post a Comment


Oops, you forgot something.


The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.

Already a member? Sign In


Reply JacobFak
11:11 PM on January 20, 2018 
где делают микрохирургию глаза в москве - Лечение катаракты цена, консультация офтальмолога недорого.
Reply Glennhub
9:53 AM on January 17, 2018 
заказать продвижение сайта минск логин в скайпе SEO PRO1
Reply Kennethhek
2:47 AM on January 15, 2018 
irresistible web site shop cvv
Reply XRumerTest
1:31 PM on January 13, 2018 
Hello. And Bye.
Reply ScottGak
8:57 PM on December 30, 2017 
good cvv - credit cards cvv2, sell track1.
Reply TwilaPreni
2:02 PM on December 19, 2017 
Absolutely NEW update of SEO/SMM software "XRumer 16.0 + XEvil 3.0":
captcha regignizing of Google, Facebook, Bing, Hotmail, SolveMedia, Yandex,
and more than 8400 another categories of captcha,
with highest precision (80..100%) and highest speed (100 img per second).
You can connect XEvil 3.0 to all most popular SEO/SMM software: XRumer, GSA SER, ZennoPoster, Srapebox, Senuke, and more than 100 of other programms.

Interested? There are a lot of introducing videos about XEvil in YouTube.
Good luck ;)

P.S. XEvil 4.0. break Google ReCaptcha2 too;)
Reply RobertMup
1:34 PM on December 16, 2017 
заказать продвижение сайта портала логин в скайпе SEO PRO1
Reply KarmaliusOneli
6:40 PM on December 14, 2017 

Клеи2 К полиуретановыe без растворителей Your browser indicates if you've visited this link.
Easymix POXIDOM ВКонтакте Your browser indicates if you've visited this link.
MennekesSchuko -Stecker 10841 16A,2p+E,230V,gn - us350 Your browser indicates if you've visited this link MennekesSchukoStecker 16A 2p E 230V gn 10841 eBay div id glbMennekesSchukoStecker 10841 Elektro4000 de Elektroartikel Online Shop 34 User onlineKundeninformation ... More results.
BradyCorporation Your browser indicates if you've visited this link BradyCorporation Reports Fiscal 2018 First Quarter elects Board of Directors and declares regular dividend to shareholders. More results.
na-kartah ну и конечно силовые разъемы цена ДисперсияMolykoteOmnigliss- ATF.
ПРОМЫШЛЕННЫЕ РАЗЪЕМЫ, ВИЛКИ, РОЗЕТКИ pce electric. ЛУЧШИЕ ЦЕНЫ В Промышленные Разъемы - .
Panel mounted socket - Part .
Weiconeasymixpeppкупитьв Москве: - StaffRegion Your browser indicates if you've visited this link.
Кабельныйпринтер- какой Форум Your browser indicates if you've visited this link Нам потребовалсякабельныйпринтер. Но т.к. никогда не эксплуатировали - нужен совет, какой выбрать. Сейчас смотрю на Термомарк Кп 220 , может кто эксплуатирует аналогичные? More results.
Reply Bogdanpew
5:13 AM on December 6, 2017 
Reply FeorgeFleek
8:51 PM on December 3, 2017 
Wbccfsey hermes investment management szsapkwd hermes landscaping Hermes Replica, https://www.hermessreplica.com/ hermes medical hermes media lnwzpyto
Reply CarmineTibre
9:52 AM on November 24, 2017 
Slip-ons: The informal slip-ons are going official site be preferred of all. Being casual doesn't bring the tag 'sloppy' to them. They are in reality stylish. And this Spring and Summer, they'll be liked most in the shades of product and mild brown. Some of them are perforated so that your ft stay cool in the hot weather. They can nicely be worn with denims, shorts or casual pants.

Spring Stage shoes these days are recognized for their great looks as well as quality craftsmanship. Usually produced with extra gentle leather, these shoes have been designed to provide a delightful encounter for your ft. Keep in mind that most Europeans stroll a great deal, so they require footwear that are comfy and can final all working day.

Dress shoes that have low heels should be favored more than very higher heels. Heels up to two inches in peak will not only make you appear taller but also help you remain comfortable.

A. Whomever is hosting the shower ought to be responsible online shopping sites for bags using care of all of the costs. This is generally the maid of honor with some help from all of the bridesmaids, or the maid of honor and the mother of the bride. Visitors of the shower, even if it's being held at a cafe, should by no means be requested to contribute towards the cost of the shower.

Wear shoes that are a correct match. In addition to a proper fit see to it that your footwear are comfortable and that there are no inner protrusions and so on. Rigid, non-fitting or unpleasant footwear, such as higher kids footwear online are inherently at a higher danger of blistering.

Diesel fragrances, like all of their products, are offered worldwide. Depending on which part of the globe you reside in, you will have a various selection from other nations footwear shopping online areas.

Your suits are nearly complete, but you still require a few extra items prior to you can call it a day. Starting from the leading and working down, the first thing you require is a belt. You basically have two options here: black leather-based and brown leather-based. That's it. No studs, no large cumbersome buckles, and most importantly, no other colours! Maintain them thin and expert.

For occupations that need a person to be on their ft most hours of the day - e.g. bellmen, cooks, waiters - comfort shoes are a godsend. If any of these individuals had been to put on the wrong type of footwear, it would affect their overall performance adversely. In flip, this would affect the level of service they can offer to their clients.
Reply Charlesinjug
2:32 AM on November 23, 2017 
квартиры посуточно https://vk.com/kvartiry_posutochno_balashiha
квартиры в балашихе посуточно
Reply Traceez
12:48 AM on November 19, 2017 
Комплексное интернет-продвижение сайтов без посредников и переплат в одном месте!
Сбор различных баз для продвижения в интернете
Эффективно и недорого. Писать в ICQ 656310373
Reply OlgaPaicy
6:22 AM on November 14, 2017 
У Вас есть ровно час, чтоб успеть забрать 200 бесплатных ходов в любые игры казино Вулкан, а так-же 30.000 рублей на игровой счет (для игры на реальные деньги).
Это НЕ обман и НЕ развод!
Ты ничего не теряешь, чтоб проверить, просто успей зарегистрироваться в течении часа и получить наш подарок! Время пошло.


Reply MichealFip
6:16 PM on November 13, 2017 
credit cards shop - valid cc, buy cc.
Reply MichaelAbock
8:09 AM on October 17, 2017 
http://verynicelevitratab.net - buy phd essay writer website us,esl cover letter writing website online,order dissertation abstract ghostwriting websites for school
Reply MichaelAbock
2:03 AM on October 13, 2017 
http://onlinenewpharma365.com - online pharmacy technician modules
, hello and buy!, hello and buy!
Reply MichaelAbock
6:42 AM on October 12, 2017 
http://cialisnewpilles367.com - intestinal specialist
, hello and buy!, hello and buy!
Reply MichaelAbock
5:32 AM on October 11, 2017 
http://cialisnewpilles367.com - lesson plans for kindergarten media specialist
, hello and buy!, hello and buy!
Reply SandirTut
1:31 PM on October 9, 2017 
http://wmplati.com - Лучший магазин лицензионных игр Steam,Origin,Uplay,Minecraft и многое другое.


  • 5.38%
    Help "ORPAK" Goal: €60000.00 Raised: €3225.01 32 donations

Facebook Like Button

Share on Facebook

Share on Facebook

Recent Videos

1390 views - 1 comment
1773 views - 0 comments
1450 views - 0 comments
1214 views - 1 comment